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dc.contributor.authorMawdsley, Stephen E
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-15T12:31:00Z
dc.date.available2016-03-15T12:31:00Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationMawdsley. Bulletin of the History of Medicine (2010) Vol. 84 Issue 2, pp. 217–247. doi: 10.1353/bhm.0.0346
dc.identifier.issn0007-5140
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/254495
dc.description.abstractIn 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his law partner Basil O'Connor formed the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) to battle the viral disease poliomyelitis. Although the NFIP program was purported to be available for all Americans irrespective of "race, creed, or color," officials encountered numerous difficulties upholding this pledge in a nation divided by race. In 1944, NFIP officials hired educator Charles H. Bynum to head a new department of "Negro Activities." Between 1944 and 1954, Bynum negotiated the NFIP bureaucracy to educate officials and influence their national health policy. As part of the NFIP team, he helped increase interracial fund-raising in the March of Dimes, improve polio treatment for black Americans, and further the civil rights movement.
dc.description.sponsorshipFinancial support for this article was provided by a Ph.D. fellowship from SSHRC as well as by studentships from the U.K. Overseas Research Student Awards Scheme and the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherProject Muse
dc.subjectNational Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
dc.subjectMarch of Dimes
dc.subjectCharles H. Bynum
dc.subjectBasil O’Connor
dc.subjectFranklin D. Roosevelt
dc.subjectTuskegee Institute
dc.subjectWarm Springs
dc.subjectpoliomyelitis
dc.subjectAfrican American
dc.subjecthealth care
dc.subjectrace
dc.title"Dancing on eggs": Charles H. Bynum, racial politics, and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, 1938-1954.
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Johns Hopkins University Press via http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/bhm.0.0346
prism.publicationDate2010
prism.publicationNameBull Hist Med
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1353/bhm.0.0346
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2010-06-25
dc.identifier.eissn1086-3176
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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