A two decade dementia incidence comparison from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies I and II
Cognitive, Function and Ageing Studies CFAS Collaboration
Nature Publishing Group
MetadataShow full item record
Matthews, F., Stephan, B., Robinson, L., Jagger, C., Barnes, L., Arthur, A., Brayne, C., & et al. (2016). A two decade dementia incidence comparison from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies I and II. Nature Communications, 7 (11398)https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11398
Dramatic global increases in future numbers of people with dementia have been predicted. No multicentre population-based study powered to detect changes over time has reported dementia incidence. MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (CFAS) undertook baseline interviews in populations aged 65+ years in England and Wales (1989–1994). Three areas (CFAS I) were selected for new sampling two decades later (2008–2011) with same geographical boundaries, sampling and approach methods (CFAS II). At 2 years CFAS I interviewed 5,156 (76% response) with 5,288 interviewed in CFAS II (74% response). Here we report a 20% drop in incidence (95% CI: 0–40%), driven by a reduction in men across all ages above 65. In the UK we estimate 209,600 new dementia cases per year. This study was uniquely designed to test for differences across geography and time. A reduction of age-specific incidence means that the numbers of people estimated to develop dementia in any year has remained relatively stable.
CFAS II has been supported by the UK Medical Research Council (Research Grant: G06010220) and received additional support from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), comprehensive clinical research networks in West Anglia, Nottingham City and Nottinghamshire County NHS Primary Care trusts and the dementias and neurodegenerative disease research Network (DeNDRoN) in Newcastle. MRC CFAS I was funded by the MRC (Research Grant: G9901400) and the National Health Service (NHS). F.E.M. is supported by the MRC (Research Grant: U105292687). This research was done within the UK National Institute of Health Research collaboration for leadership in applied health research and care for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough (CLAHRC EoE), the Biomedical Research Centre infrastructures at Cambridge and Newcastle upon Tyne. We thank the participants, their families, the general practitioners and their staff, the primary care trusts and CCGs for their cooperation and support. We thank the CFAS II fieldwork interviewers at Cambridge, Nottingham and Newcastle for their valuable contribution. Funding was given by UK Medical Research Council.
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (unknown)
ESRC (via Bangor University) (RES-060-25-0060)
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11398
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/256859
Recommended or similar items
The following licence files are associated with this item: