Social and Contextual Constraints on Embodied Perception
Perspectives on Psychological Science
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Schnall, S. (2016). Social and Contextual Constraints on Embodied Perception. Perspectives on Psychological Science https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.833
A number of papers have challenged research on physiological and psychological influences on perception because they claim to show that such findings can be explained by non-perceptual factors such as demand characteristics. Relatedly, calls for separating “perception” from “judgment” have been issued. However, such efforts fail to consider key processes known to shape judgment processes, namely first, people’s inability to report accurately on their judgments, second, conversational dynamics of experimental research contexts, and third, misattribution and discounting processes. Indeed, the fact that initially observed effects of embodied influences disappear is predicted by an extensive body of literature on judgments studied within social psychology. Thus, findings from such studies suggest that the initially presumed underlying processes are at work, namely functional considerations that are informative in the context of preparing the body for action. Suggestions are provided on how to conduct research on perception within the social constraints of experimental contexts.
The preparation of this paper was supported by ESRC Grant RES-000-22-4453.
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.833
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/256899