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dc.contributor.authorRibéreau-Gayon, Agatheen
dc.contributor.authorRando, Carolynen
dc.contributor.authorSchuliar, Yvesen
dc.contributor.authorChapenoire, Stéphaneen
dc.contributor.authorCrema, Enricoen
dc.contributor.authorClaes, Julienen
dc.contributor.authorSeret, Bernarden
dc.contributor.authorMaleret, Vincenten
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Ruth Men
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-26T08:24:01Z
dc.date.available2016-10-26T08:24:01Z
dc.date.issued2016-09-13en
dc.identifier.issn0937-9827
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/260910
dc.description.abstractAccurate determination of the origin and timing of trauma is key in medicolegal investigations when the cause and manner of death are unknown. However, distinction between criminal and accidental perimortem trauma and postmortem modifications can be challenging when facing unidentified trauma. Postmortem examination of the immersed victims of the Yemenia airplane crash (Comoros, 2009) demonstrated the challenges in diagnosing extensive unusual circular lesions found on the corpses. The objective of this study was to identify the origin and timing of occurrence (peri- or postmortem) of the lesions. A retrospective multidisciplinary study using autopsy reports (n = 113) and postmortem digital photos (n = 3 579) was conducted. Of the 113 victims recovered from the crash, 62 (54.9 %) presented unusual lesions (n = 560) with a median number of 7 (IQR 3 ~ 13) and a maximum of 27 per corpse. The majority of lesions were elliptic (58 %) and had an area smaller than 10 cm$^{2}$ (82.1 %). Some lesions (6.8 %) also showed clear tooth notches on their edges. These findings identified most of the lesions as consistent with postmortem bite marks from cookiecutter sharks ($\textit{Isistius}$ spp.). It suggests that cookiecutter sharks were important agents in the degradation of the corpses and thus introduced potential cognitive $\textit{bias}$ in the research of the cause and manner of death. A novel set of evidence-based identification criteria for cookiecutter bite marks on human bodies is developed to facilitate more accurate medicolegal diagnosis of cookiecutter bites.
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectaircraft accidenten
dc.subjectpostmortem examinationen
dc.subjectscavengingen
dc.subjectcookiecutter sharksen
dc.subjectforensic decompositionen
dc.subjectdrowned bodiesen
dc.titleExtensive unusual lesions on a large number of immersed human victims found to be from cookiecutter sharks ($\textit{Isistius}$ spp.): an examination of the Yemenia plane crashen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-016-1449-6en
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameInternational Journal of Legal Medicineen
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.6023
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-08-29en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s00414-016-1449-6en
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-09-13en
dc.contributor.orcidCrema, Enrico [0000-0001-6727-5138]
dc.identifier.eissn1437-1596
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International