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dc.contributor.authorZhuang, Jie
dc.contributor.authorDevereux, Barry J.
dc.descriptionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Taylor and Francis via
dc.description.abstractAs spoken language unfolds over time the speech input transiently activates multiple candidates at different levels of the system – phonological, lexical, and syntactic – which in turn leads to short-lived between-candidate competition. In an fMRI study, we investigated how different kinds of linguistic competition may be modulated by the presence or absence of a prior context [Tyler, L. K. (1984). The structure of the initial cohort: Evidence from gating. $\textit{Perception}$ & $\textit{Psychophysics}$, 36(5), 417–427. Retrieved from; Tyler, L. K., Randall, B., & Stamatakis, E. A. (2008). Cortical differentiation for nouns and verbs depends on grammatical markers. $\textit{Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience}$, 20(8), 1381–1389. Retrieved from]. We found significant effects of lexico-phonological competition for isolated words, but not for words in short phrases, with high competition yielding greater activation in left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and posterior temporal regions. This suggests that phrasal contexts reduce lexico-phonological competition by eliminating form-class inconsistent cohort candidates. A corpus-derived measure of lexico-syntactic competition was associated with greater activation in LIFG for verbs in phrases, but not for isolated verbs, indicating that lexico-syntactic information is boosted by the phrasal context. Together, these findings indicate that LIFG plays a general role in resolving different kinds of linguistic competition.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by an EPSRC, UK, grant to Lorraine K. Tyler [grant number EP/F030061/1], and by the European Research Council under the European Commission Seventh Fra- mework Programme (FP7/2007- 2013) [grant number 249640] to Lorraine K. Tyler.en
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectcohort competitionen
dc.subjectlexico-syntactic competitionen
dc.subjectsubcategorisation framesen
dc.subjectcorpus dataen
dc.subjectargument structureen
dc.titlePhonological and syntactic competition effects in spoken word recognition: evidence from corpus-based statisticsen
prism.publicationNameLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscienceen
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 12:56:58 GMT 2020 - The item has an open VoR version.*

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International