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dc.contributor.authorHillier-Brown, FCen
dc.contributor.authorSummerbell, CDen
dc.contributor.authorMoore, HJen
dc.contributor.authorRouten, Aen
dc.contributor.authorLake, AAen
dc.contributor.authorAdams, Jeanen
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Martinen
dc.contributor.authorAraujo-Soares, Ven
dc.contributor.authorAbraham, Cen
dc.contributor.authorAdamson, AJen
dc.contributor.authorBrown, TJen
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-14T16:31:52Z
dc.date.available2016-12-14T16:31:52Z
dc.date.issued2017-02en
dc.identifier.issn1467-7881
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/261578
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Ready-to-eat meals sold by food outlets that are accessible to the general public are an important target for public health intervention. We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of such interventions. METHODS: Studies of any design and duration that included any consumer-level or food-outlet-level before-and-after data were included. RESULTS: Thirty studies describing 34 interventions were categorized by type and coded against the Nuffield intervention ladder: restrict choice = trans fat law (n = 1), changing pre-packed children's meal content (n = 1) and food outlet award schemes (n = 2); guide choice = price increases for unhealthier choices (n = 1), incentive (contingent reward) (n = 1) and price decreases for healthier choices (n = 2); enable choice = signposting (highlighting healthier/unhealthier options) (n = 10) and telemarketing (offering support for the provision of healthier options to businesses via telephone) (n = 2); and provide information = calorie labelling law (n = 12), voluntary nutrient labelling (n = 1) and personalized receipts (n = 1). Most interventions were aimed at adults in US fast food chains and assessed customer-level outcomes. More 'intrusive' interventions that restricted or guided choice generally showed a positive impact on food-outlet-level and customer-level outcomes. However, interventions that simply provided information or enabled choice had a negligible impact. CONCLUSION: Interventions to promote healthier ready-to-eat meals sold by food outlets should restrict choice or guide choice through incentives/disincentives. Public health policies and practice that simply involve providing information are unlikely to be effective.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronicen
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleThe impact of interventions to promote healthier ready-to-eat meals (to eat in, to take away or to be delivered) sold by specific food outlets open to the general public: a systematic review.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage246
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNameObesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesityen
prism.startingPage227
prism.volume18en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.6780
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-09-23en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1111/obr.12479en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-02en
dc.contributor.orcidAdams, Jean [0000-0002-5733-7830]
dc.contributor.orcidWhite, Martin [0000-0002-1861-6757]
dc.identifier.eissn1467-789X
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K023187/1)
pubs.funder-project-idESRC (ES/G007462/1)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 12:56:47 GMT 2020 - The item has an open VoR version.*
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2100-01-01


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International