Materials’ Methods: NMR in Battery Research
Chemistry of Materials
American Chemical Society
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Pecher, O., Carretero-González, J., Griffith, K., & Grey, C. (2017). Materials’ Methods: NMR in Battery Research. Chemistry of Materials, 29 (1), 213-242. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03183
Improving electrochemical energy storage is one of the major issues of our time. The search for new battery materials together with the drive to improve performance and lower cost of existing and new batteries is not without its challenges. Success in these matters is undoubtedly based on first understanding the underlying chemistries of the materials and the relations between the components involved. A combined application of experimental and theoretical techniques has proven to be a powerful strategy to gain insights into many of the questions that arise from the “how do batteries work and why do they fail” challenge. In this Review, we highlight the application of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in battery research: a technique that can be extremely powerful in characterizing local structures in battery materials, even in highly disordered systems. An introduction on electrochemical energy storage illustrates the research aims and prospective approaches to reach these. We particularly address “NMR in battery research” by giving a brief introduction to electrochemical techniques and applications as well as background information on both in and ex situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy. We will try to answer the question “Is NMR suitable and how can it help me to solve my problem?” by shortly reviewing some of our recent research on electrodes, microstructure formation, electrolytes and interfaces, in which the application of NMR was helpful. Finally, we share hands-on experience directly from the lab bench to answer the fundamental question “Where and how should I start?” to help guide a researcher’s way through the manifold possible approaches.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 655444 (O.P.). K.J.G. thanks the Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States and the Herchel Smith Scholarship for financial support.
European Commission (655444)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03183
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262008
Attribution 4.0 International, Attribution 4.0 International, Attribution 4.0 International, Attribution 4.0 International