Cardiovascular risk factors and incident albuminuria in screen-detected type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
MetadataShow full item record
Webb, D., Zaccardi, F., Davies, M., Griffin, S., Wareham, N., Simmons, R., Rutten, G., et al. (2017). Cardiovascular risk factors and incident albuminuria in screen-detected type 2 diabetes.. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 33 (4. e2877)https://doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.2877
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether cardiovascular risk factor modification influences the development of renal disease in people with type 2 diabetes identified through screening. We determined predictors of albuminuria five years after a diagnosis of screen-detected diabetes within the ADDITION-Europe study, a pragmatic cardiovascular outcome trial of multifactorial cardiovascular risk management. METHODS: In 1,826 participants with newly diagnosed, screen-detected diabetes without albumiuria, we explored associations between risk of new albuminuria (≥2.5 mg mmol(-1) males and ≥3.5 mg mmol(-1) females) and: 1) baseline cardio-metabolic risk factors and 2) changes from baseline to one year in systolic blood pressure (∆SBP) and glycated haemoglobin (∆HbA1c ) using logistic regression. RESULTS: Albuminuria developed in 268 (15%) participants; baseline body mass index and active smoking were independently associated with new onset albuminuria in the five years after detection of diabetes. In a model adjusted for age, gender, and baseline HbA1c and blood pressure, a 1% decrease in HbA1c and 5 mmHg decrease in SBP during the first year were independently associated with lower risks of albuminuria (Odds Ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval: 0.76, 0.62 to 0.91 and 0.94, 0.88 to 1.01, respectively). Further adjustment did not materially change these estimates. There was no interaction between ΔSBP and ΔHBA1c in relation to albuminuria risk, suggesting likely additive effects on renal microvascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline measurements and changes in HbA1c and SBP a year after diagnosis of diabetes through screening independently associate with new onset albuminuria four years later. Established multifactorial treatment for diabetes applies to cases identified through screening.
ADDITION-Europe, Screening, albuminuria, microvascular complications, systolic blood pressure, type 2 diabetes
Individual centres in Denmark, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom were responsible for funding. ADDITION-Denmark has been given unrestricted grants from Novo Nordisk AS, Novo Nordisk Scandinavia AB, Novo Nordisk U.K., AstraZeneca Denmark, Pfizer Denmark, GlaxoSmithKline Pharma Denmark, Servier Denmark A/S, and HemoCue Denmark A/S. Part of the grant from Novo Nordisk was transferred to the other centers. ADDITIONNetherlands was supported by unrestricted grants from Novo Nordisk, GlaxoSmithKline, and Merck. ADDITION-Cambridge was supported by the Wellcome Trust (grant reference no: G061895) and the Medical Research Council (grant reference no: G0001164), the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment Programme (grantcare.diabetesjournals.org Sandbæk and Associates 2021 reference no: 08/116/300), and National Health Service research and development support funding (including the Primary Care Research and DiabetesResearch Networks), and the NIHR under its Programme Grants for Applied Research scheme (RP-PG-0606-1259). ADDITION-Leicester was supported by the Department of Health and Support for Sciences, the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (grant reference no: 08/116/300), National Health Service research and development support funding (including the Primary Care Research and Diabetes Research Networks Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and Rutland Collaborative for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care) and the NIHR Leicester Loughborough Lifestyle Biomedical Research Unit. ADDITION-Netherlands was supported by the Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre, Utrecht and by unrestricted grants from Novo Nordisk and Glaxo Smith Kline.
NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre (NETSCC) (HTA/08/116/300)
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (NF-SI-0512-10135)
NIHR Central Commissioning Facility (NIHRDH-RP-PG-0606-1259)
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (NF-SI-0515-10119)
Wellcome Trust (061895/Z/00/Z)
Medical Research Council (MC_U106179471)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.2877
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262288