Crime victimization and the implications for individual health and wellbeing: A Sheffield case study.
Soc Sci Med
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Tan, S., & Haining, R. (2016). Crime victimization and the implications for individual health and wellbeing: A Sheffield case study.. Soc Sci Med, 167 128-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.018
Public health and criminology have developed largely independently of one another at the research and policy levels so that the links between crime victimization and health status are not well understood. Although it is not difficult to support the idea of crime as a threat to the health of individuals and the wider community, the difficulty lies in quantifying the impact of crime on public health, while controlling other variables, including gender and ethnicity. We report the results of a study, the goals of which were to: develop an understanding conceptually of the relationships between different types of crime (violent and non-violent) and health; explore the impact of victimization on quality of life and physical and psychological wellbeing; investigate the role of social and demographic factors in shaping any relationships. The study is based on 840 responses from a postal survey administered to 4,100 households in Sheffield, England, located primarily in deprived areas where overall crime rates were high. Non-violent crimes were more frequently reported than violent crimes and in general, inner city neighbourhoods were associated with higher violent crime rates. Out of 392 victims of crime, 27% of individuals detailed physical injuries resulting directly from a crime event and 31% had taken some medical steps to treat a crime-related injury. 86% experienced at least one psychological or behavioural change, including stress, sleeping difficulties, loss of confidence, and depression. Logistic regression models estimated victimization risk based on various social and demographic variables. Violent crimes were consistently linked with higher odds of seeking medical treatment and a higher likelihood of experiencing psychological ill health effects or behavioural changes. In comparison, victims of non-violent or property crimes were not significantly associated with mental health or behavioural/lifestyle effects.
Crime, Deprivation, Public health, Social model of health, UK, Victimization, Violence, Wellbeing
This project was financed by research funds from the Gates Cambridge Trust and the Department of Geography (Philip Lake II Fund), University of Cambridge.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.018
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262512
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