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dc.contributor.authorTan, S-Yen
dc.contributor.authorHaining, Roberten
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-14T16:43:42Z
dc.date.available2017-02-14T16:43:42Z
dc.date.issued2016-10en
dc.identifier.issn0277-9536
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262512
dc.description.abstractPublic health and criminology have developed largely independently of one another at the research and policy levels so that the links between crime victimization and health status are not well understood. Although it is not difficult to support the idea of crime as a threat to the health of individuals and the wider community, the difficulty lies in quantifying the impact of crime on public health, while controlling other variables, including gender and ethnicity. We report the results of a study, the goals of which were to: develop an understanding conceptually of the relationships between different types of crime (violent and non-violent) and health; explore the impact of victimization on quality of life and physical and psychological wellbeing; investigate the role of social and demographic factors in shaping any relationships. The study is based on 840 responses from a postal survey administered to 4,100 households in Sheffield, England, located primarily in deprived areas where overall crime rates were high. Non-violent crimes were more frequently reported than violent crimes and in general, inner city neighbourhoods were associated with higher violent crime rates. Out of 392 victims of crime, 27% of individuals detailed physical injuries resulting directly from a crime event and 31% had taken some medical steps to treat a crime-related injury. 86% experienced at least one psychological or behavioural change, including stress, sleeping difficulties, loss of confidence, and depression. Logistic regression models estimated victimization risk based on various social and demographic variables. Violent crimes were consistently linked with higher odds of seeking medical treatment and a higher likelihood of experiencing psychological ill health effects or behavioural changes. In comparison, victims of non-violent or property crimes were not significantly associated with mental health or behavioural/lifestyle effects.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project was financed by research funds from the Gates Cambridge Trust and the Department of Geography (Philip Lake II Fund), University of Cambridge.
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectCrimeen
dc.subjectDeprivationen
dc.subjectPublic healthen
dc.subjectSocial model of healthen
dc.subjectUKen
dc.subjectVictimizationen
dc.subjectViolenceen
dc.subjectWellbeingen
dc.titleCrime victimization and the implications for individual health and wellbeing: A Sheffield case study.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage139
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameSoc Sci Meden
prism.startingPage128
prism.volume167en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.7192
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-08-09en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.018en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-10en
dc.contributor.orcidHaining, Robert [0000-0003-3462-7218]
dc.identifier.eissn1873-5347
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2016-08-15en
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2017-08-15


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International