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dc.contributor.authorLi, Guen
dc.contributor.authorKung, Karson TFen
dc.contributor.authorHines, Melissa Marieen
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-20T14:30:51Z
dc.date.available2017-02-20T14:30:51Z
dc.date.issued2017-04en
dc.identifier.issn0012-1649en
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262671
dc.description.abstractLesbian and gay individuals have been reported to show more interest in other-sex, and/or less interest in same-sex, toys, playmates, and activities in childhood than heterosexual counterparts. Yet, most of the relevant evidence comes from retrospective studies or from prospective studies of clinically-referred, extremely gender nonconforming children. In addition, findings are mixed regarding the relationship between childhood gender-typed behavior and the later sexual orientation spectrum from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively lesbian/gay. The current study drew a sample (2,428 girls and 2,169 boys) from a population-based longitudinal study, and found that the levels of gender-typed behavior at ages 3.50 and 4.75 years, although less so at age 2.50 years, significantly and consistently predicted adolescents’ sexual orientation at age 15 years, both when sexual orientation was conceptualized as two groups or as a spectrum. In addition, within-individual change in gender-typed behavior during the preschool years significantly related to adolescent sexual orientation, especially in boys. These results suggest that the factors contributing to the link between childhood gender-typed behavior and sexual orientation emerge during early development. Some of those factors are likely to be nonsocial, because nonheterosexual individuals appear to diverge from gender norms regardless of social encouragement to conform to gender roles.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe UK Medical Research Council and the Wellcome Trust (Grant ref: 102215/2/13/2) and the University of Bristol provide core support for ALSPAC. This specific study was supported by a Cambridge International Scholarship awarded to Gu Li and by research funding from the Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronicen
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectFactor Analysis, Statisticalen
dc.subjectLongitudinal Studiesen
dc.subjectProspective Studiesen
dc.subjectChild Behavioren
dc.subjectSexualityen
dc.subjectGender Identityen
dc.subjectTime Factorsen
dc.subjectAdolescenten
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectEnglanden
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectPsychology, Adolescenten
dc.titleChildhood gender-typed behavior and adolescent sexual orientation: A longitudinal population-based study.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage777
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNameDevelopmental psychologyen
prism.startingPage764
prism.volume53en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.7950
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-11-17en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1037/dev0000281en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-04en
dc.identifier.eissn1939-0599en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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