Measured adiposity in relation to head and neck cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
Ramon Quiros, J
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention
American Association for Cancer Research
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Ward, H., Wark, P., Muller, D., Steffen, A., Johansson, M., Norat, T., Gunter, M., et al. (2017). Measured adiposity in relation to head and neck cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 26 (6), 895-904. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0886
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence from cohort studies indicates that adiposity is associated with greater incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC). However, most studies have used self-reported anthropometry which is prone to error. METHODS: Among 363 094 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (EPIC) with measured anthropometry, there were 837 incident cases of HNC. HNC risk was examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) [lean: < 22.5 kg/m², normal weight (reference): 22.5-24.9 kg/m², overweight 25-29.9 kg/m², obese: > 30 kg/m²], waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: Among men, a BMI < 22.5 kg/m² was associated with higher HNC risk [hazard ratio (HR) 1.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23 - 2.12)]; BMI was not associated with HNC among women. WC and WHR were associated with greater risk of HNC among women, (WC per 5 cm: HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.15; WHR per 0.1 unit: HR 1.64, 95% CI 1.38 - 1.93). After stratification by smoking status, the association for WHR was present only among smokers (p interaction 0.004). Among men, WC and WHR were associated with HNC only upon additional adjustment for BMI (WC per 5 cm: HR 1.16, 95% CI 1.07 - 1.26; WHR per 0.1 unit: HR 1.42, 95% CI 1.21 - 1.65). CONCLUSION: Central adiposity, particularly among women, may have a stronger association with HNC risk than previously estimated. IMPACT: Strategies to reduce obesity may beneficially impact HNC incidence.
head and neck cancers, obesity, waist circumference, waist:hip ratio, body mass index, smoking
The coordination of EPIC is financially supported by the European Commission (DG-SANCO) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The national cohorts are supported by Danish Cancer Society (Denmark); Ligue Contre le Cancer, Institut Gustave Roussy, Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) (France); German Cancer Aid, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Deutsche Krebshilfe, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum and Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany); the Hellenic Health Foundation (Greece); Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro-AIRC-Italy and National Research Council (Italy); Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sports (VWS), Netherlands Cancer Registry (NKR), LK Research Funds, Dutch Prevention Funds, Dutch ZON (Zorg Onderzoek Nederland), World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), Statistics Netherlands (The Netherlands); ERC- 2009-AdG 232997 and Nordforsk, Nordic Centre of Excellence programme on Food, Nutrition and Health (Norway); Health Research Fund (FIS), PI13/00061 to Granada; , PI13/01162 to EPIC-Murcia), Regional Governments of Andalucía, Asturias, Basque Country, Murcia and Navarra, ISCIII RETIC (RD06/0020) (Spain); Swedish Cancer Society, Swedish Research Council and County Councils of Skåne and Västerbotten (Sweden); Cancer Research UK (14136 to K.T. Khaw, N.J. Wareham; C570/A16491 to R.C. Travis and C8221/A19170 to Tim Key (EPIC-Oxford), Medical Research Council (1000143 to K.T. Khaw, N.J. Wareham, MR/M012190/1 to Tim Key (EPIC-Oxford)) (United Kingdom).
MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (MR/N003284/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0886
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262898