Middle Pleistocene ice-marginal sedimentation in the transitional zone between the constrained and unconstrained ice-sheet margin, East Anglia, England
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Leszczynska, K., Boreham, S., & Gibbard, P. (2017). Middle Pleistocene ice-marginal sedimentation in the transitional zone between the constrained and unconstrained ice-sheet margin, East Anglia, England. Boreas https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12239
It is uncommon in the North Sea basin and northwestern Europe for the ice-marginal glacial successions of the Middle Pleistocene, Anglian (Elsterian) age to be well preserved and not overridden by subsequent glaciations. The existence of extensive and thick (˜20 m) Middle Pleistocene sand and gravel successions in East Anglia, England, provide a unique opportunity to reconstruct and understand the palaeoenvironmental conditions in the Anglian ice-marginal zone, and further across the North Sea basin. This paper uses data from 80 sections in two sand and gravel quarries in East Anglia to provide the first evidence concerning: (i) the character of the ice-marginal processes in the unique, transitional zone between the topographically constrained and unconstrained Anglian ice-sheet margin; (ii) the role of meltwater in the re-shaping of topographically driven preglacial drainage; and (iii) the position and the number of oscillations of the Anglian ice-sheet margin in the form of a sediment-landform assemblage. Moreover the current research adds to the discussion on the presence and extent of the proglacial lake in the North Sea Basin during the Anglian glaciation. The sand and gravel successions in the Anglian ice-marginal zone are primarily reworked proto-Thames sediments deposited by meltwater. At the beginning of the glaciation, the meltwater followed the preglacial (proto-Thames) river course. However, as the ice sheet advanced, it was re-routed, overwhelming and abandoning the old river course and depositing an extensive ice-marginal subaqueous fan. The succession includes evidence for at least two enhanced meltwater release events, as well as indications of glaciolacustrine sedimentation. The character of the described sedimentary settings is discussed in the wider context of the presence of the North Sea Lake.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12239
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/263760