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dc.contributor.authorHakenbeck, Susanneen
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Jen
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Hen
dc.contributor.authorFóthi, Een
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-04T15:09:24Z
dc.date.available2017-05-04T15:09:24Z
dc.date.issued2017-03-22en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/264036
dc.description.abstractWe conducted a multi-isotope study of five fifth-century AD cemeteries in modern-day Hungary to determine relationships between nomadic-pastoralist incomers—the historically documented Huns and other nomadic groups—and the sedentary agricultural population of the late Roman province of Pannonia. Contemporary historical sources describe this relationship as adversarial and destructive for the late Roman population, but archaeological evidence indicates high levels of hybridity between different groups. We undertook carbon, nitrogen, strontium and oxygen isotope analyses of bone collagen, dentine and tooth enamel at Keszthely-Fenékpuszta, Hács-Béndekpuszta, Győr-Széchenyi Square, Mözs and Szolnok-Szanda to examine these relationships through past subsistence practices. The patterns at all sites indicate medium to high animal protein consumption with little evidence for a significant contribution of aquatic resources. All populations relied to a great extent on C4 plants, most likely millet. Within each population, diet was heterogeneous, with significant variations in terms of animal protein and C3 and C4 plant consumption. High levels of intra-population and individual variability suggest that populations made use of a range of subsistence strategies, with many individuals exhibiting significant changes over their lifetimes. Rather than being characterised only by violence, the historically-documented influx of nomadic populations appears to have led to widespread changes in subsistence strategies of populations in the Carpathian basin. Nomadic-pastoralist groups may have switched to smaller herds and more farming, and, conversely, local populations may have integrated with a new economic system based on animal herding.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe analytical costs were funded by a research grant from the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge. A study visit to Hungary was supported by a SYNTHESYS travel grant.
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPLOS
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectdieten
dc.subjectteethen
dc.subjectcollagensen
dc.subjectdentinen
dc.subjectcereal cropsen
dc.subjectmilleten
dc.subjectgeologyen
dc.subjectlakesen
dc.titlePractising pastoralism in an agricultural environment: An isotopic analysis of the impact of the Hunnic incursions on Pannonian populationsen
dc.typeArticle
prism.issueIdentifier3en
prism.numbere0173079en
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNamePLOS Oneen
prism.volume12en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.9397
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-02-14en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1371/journal.pone.0173079en
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-03-22en
dc.contributor.orcidHakenbeck, Susanne [0000-0003-2409-0146]
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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Attribution 4.0 International
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