Reduced multimodal integration of memory features following continuous theta burst stimulation of angular gyrus
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Yazar, Y., Bergström, Z., & Simons, J. (2017). Reduced multimodal integration of memory features following continuous theta burst stimulation of angular gyrus. Brain Stimulation, 10 (3), 624-629. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.02.011
Background Lesions of the angular gyrus (AnG) region of human parietal cortex do not cause amnesia, but appear to be associated with reduction in the ability to consciously experience the reliving of previous events. Objectives/Hypothesis We used continuous theta burst stimulation to test the hypothesis that the cognitive mechanism implicated in this memory deficit might be the integration of retrieved sensory event features into a coherent multimodal memory representation. Methods Healthy volunteers received stimulation to AnG or a vertex control site after studying stimuli that each comprised a visual object embedded in a scene, with the name of the object presented auditorily. Participants were then asked to make memory judgments about the studied stimuli that involved recollection of single event features (visual or auditory), or required integration of event features within the same modality, or across modalities. Results Participants' ability to retrieve context features from across multiple modalities was significantly reduced after AnG stimulation compared to stimulation of the vertex. This effect was observed only for the integration of cross-modal context features but not for integration of features within the same modality, and could not be accounted for by task difficulty as performance was matched across integration conditions following vertex stimulation. Conclusion These results support the hypothesis that AnG is necessary for the multimodal integration of distributed cortical episodic features into a unified conscious representation that enables the experience of remembering.
parietal lobe, memory, recollection, source monitoring, brain stimulation
This work was supported by a James S. McDonnell Foundation Scholar Award to JSS. YY was supported by a scholarship from the German National Academic Foundation. The work was completed within the University of Cambridge Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, funded by a joint award from the UK Medical Research Council and the Wellcome Trust.
MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (G0001354)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.02.011
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/264296