Nanoparticle amount, and not size, determines chain alignment and nonlinear hardening in polymer nanocomposites
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
National Academy of Sciences
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Varol, H., Meng, F., Hosseinkhani, B., Malm, C., Bonn, D., Bonn, M., Zaccone, A., & et al. (2017). Nanoparticle amount, and not size, determines chain alignment and nonlinear hardening in polymer nanocomposites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114 (16), E3170-E3177. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1617069114
Polymer nanocomposites-materials in which a polymer matrix is blended with nanoparticles (or fillers)-strengthen under sufficiently large strains. Such strain hardening is critical to their function, especially for materials that bear large cyclic loads such as car tires or bearing sealants. Although the reinforcement (i.e., the increase in the linear elasticity) by the addition of filler particles is phenomenologically understood, considerably less is known about strain hardening (the nonlinear elasticity). Here, we elucidate the molecular origin of strain hardening using uniaxial tensile loading, microspectroscopy of polymer chain alignment, and theory. The strain-hardening behavior and chain alignment are found to depend on the volume fraction, but not on the size of nanofillers. This contrasts with reinforcement, which depends on both volume fraction and size of nanofillers, potentially allowing linear and nonlinear elasticity of nanocomposites to be tuned independently.
nanocomposites, nonlinear elasticity, polymer bridging, polymer chain alignment, strain stiffening
This work is part of the research programme “Understanding the viscoelasticity of elastomer based nanocomposites” of the Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie, which is financially supported by the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1617069114
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/264313