DISORGANIZATION, FEAR AND ATTACHMENT: WORKING TOWARDS CLARIFICATION
Infant Mental Health Journal
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
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Duschinsky, R. (2018). DISORGANIZATION, FEAR AND ATTACHMENT: WORKING TOWARDS CLARIFICATION. Infant Mental Health Journal, 39 (1), 17-29. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21689
In 1990, Main and Solomon introduced the procedures for coding a new ‘disorganized’ infant attachment classification for the Ainsworth Strange Situation procedure. This classification has received a high degree of interest, both from researchers and from child welfare and clinical practitioners. Disorganized attachment has primarily been understood through the lens of the Hesse and Main’s concept of ‘fright without solution’, taken to mean that an infant experiences a conflict between a desire to approach and flee from a frightening parent when confronted by the Strange Situation. Yet looking back it can be observed that the way that Hesse and Main’s texts were formulated and read has generated confusion; there have been repeated calls in recent years for renewed theory and clarification about the relationship between disorganization and fear. Responding to these calls, this paper revisits the texts that introduced the idea of ‘fright without solution’, clarifying their claims through articulating more precisely the different meanings of the term ‘fear’. This respecified account will then be applied to consideration of pathways to infant disorganized behaviors.
attachment, disorganization, fear, rejection, dysregulation
Wellcome Trust WT103343MA
Wellcome Trust (103343/Z/13/A)
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21689
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/265691
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/