Relationship Between Brain Pulsatility and Cerebral Perfusion Pressure: Replicated Validation Using Different Drivers of CPP Change.
de Riva, Nicolás
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Calviello, L., de Riva, N., Donnelly, J., Czosnyka, M., Smielewski, P., Menon, D., & Zeiler, F. (2017). Relationship Between Brain Pulsatility and Cerebral Perfusion Pressure: Replicated Validation Using Different Drivers of CPP Change.. Neurocritical care, 27 (3), 392-400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12028-017-0404-9
BACKGROUND: Determination of relationships between transcranial Doppler (TCD)-based spectral pulsatility index (sPI) and pulse amplitude (AMP) of intracranial pressure (ICP) in 2 groups of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients (a) displaying plateau waves and (b) with unstable mean arterial pressure (MAP). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with severe TBI and continuous TCD monitoring displaying either plateau waves or unstable MAP from 1992 to 1998. We utilized linear and nonlinear regression techniques to describe both cohorts: cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) versus AMP, CPP versus sPI, mean ICP versus ICP AMP, mean ICP versus sPI, and AMP versus sPI. RESULTS: Nonlinear regression techniques were employed to analyze the relationships with CPP. In plateau wave and unstable MAP patients, CPP versus sPI displayed an inverse nonlinear relationship (R (2) = 0.820 vs. R (2) = 0.610, respectively), with the CPP versus sPI relationship best modeled by the following function in both cases: PI = a + (b/CPP). Similarly, in both groups, CPP versus AMP displayed an inverse nonlinear relationship (R (2) = 0.610 vs. R (2) = 0.360, respectively). Positive linear correlations were displayed in both the plateau wave and unstable MAP cohorts between: ICP versus AMP, ICP versus sPI, AMP versus sPI. CONCLUSIONS: There is an inverse relationship through nonlinear regression between CPP versus AMP and CPP versus sPI display. This provides evidence to support a previously-proposed model of TCD pulsatility index. ICP shows a positive linear correlation with AMP and sPI, which is also established between AMP and sPI.
Humans, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial, Critical Care, Retrospective Studies, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Intracranial Pressure, Pulsatile Flow, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Young Adult, Arterial Pressure, Neurophysiological Monitoring, Brain Injuries, Traumatic
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12028-017-0404-9
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/266055
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