Structural and configurational properties of nanoconfined monolayer ice from first principles
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Corsetti, F., Matthews, P., & Artacho, E. (2016). Structural and configurational properties of nanoconfined monolayer ice from first principles. Scientific Reports, 6 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep18651
Understanding the structural tendencies of nanoconfined water is of great interest for nanoscience and biology, where nano/micro-sized objects may be separated by very few layers of water. Here we investigate the properties of ice confined to a quasi-2D monolayer by a featureless, chemically neutral potential, in order to characterize its intrinsic behaviour. We use density-functional theory simulations with a non-local van der Waals density functional. An ab initio random structure search reveals all the energetically competitive monolayer configurations to belong to only two of the previously-identified families, characterized by a square or honeycomb hydrogen-bonding network, respectively. We discuss the modified ice rules needed for each network, and propose a simple point dipole 2D lattice model that successfully explains the energe tics of the square configurations. All identified stable phases for both networks are found to be non-polar (but with a topologically non-trivial texture for the square) and, hence, non-ferroelectric, in contrast to previous predictions from a five-site empirical force-field model. Our results are in good agreement with very recently reported experimental observations.
This work was partly funded by grants FIS2012-37549-C05 from the Spanish Ministry of Science, and Exp. 97/14 (Wet Nanoscopy) from the Programa Red Guipuzcoana de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa. We thank Richard Korytár and Javier Junquera for their work on the SIESTA interface to Wannier90, and Raffaele Resta and M.-V. Fernández-Serra for useful discussions. The calculations were performed on the arina HPC cluster (Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Spain). SGIker (UPV/EHU, MICINN, GV/EJ, ERDF and ESF) support is gratefully acknowledged.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep18651
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/266207