Non-Linear Frequency Noise Modulation in a Resonant MEMS Accelerometer
IEEE Sensors Journal
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Zou, X., & Seshia, A. (2017). Non-Linear Frequency Noise Modulation in a Resonant MEMS Accelerometer. IEEE Sensors Journal, 17 (13), 4122-4127. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2017.2703156
Resonant MEMS accelerometers offer the potential for very high resolution and wide bandwidth measurements over a large input dynamic range. The read-out is implemented by constructing an oscillator with the resonator as the primary frequency determining element. The noise of this oscillator front-end typically determines the resolution of the device, and the noise floor is set by the modulation of operative noise processes by the system dynamics. The resonator element is typically operated in the linear regime to prevent the detrimental impact of resonator non-linearities on noise conversion limiting frequency stability. However, by operating at higher drive power levels it is possible to also increase the signal-to-noise ratio for sufficiently large input frequencies. This paper shows that improved device performance over a wide bandwidth is possible by employing appropriate amplitude and phase feedback schemes to optimally bias the resonator thus enabling both short-term and long-term measurements with an electrically tunable resolution.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2017.2703156
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/266217