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dc.contributor.authorMitchell, PD
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-18T14:37:15Z
dc.date.available2017-09-18T14:37:15Z
dc.date.issued2017-12
dc.identifier.issn1879-9817
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267268
dc.description.abstractThe texts written by the people of past societies can provide key information that enhances our understanding of disease in the past. Written sources and art can describe cultural contexts that not only help us interpret lesions in excavated human remains, but also provide evidence for past disease events themselves. However, in recent decades many biohistorical articles have been published that claim to diagnose diseases present in past celebrities or well known individuals, often using less than scholarly methodology. This article aims to help researchers use historical written sources and artwork responsibly, thus improving our understanding of health and disease in the past. It explores a broad range of historical sources, from medical texts and histories to legal documents and tax records, and it highlights how the key to interpreting any past text is to understand who wrote it, when it was written, and why it was written. Case studies of plague epidemics, crucifixion, and the spinal deformity of King Richard III are then used to highlight how we might better integrate archaeological and historical evidence. When done well, integrating evidence from both archaeological and historical sources increases the probability of a complete and well-balanced understanding of disease in past societies.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectart
dc.subjectcrucifixion
dc.subjecthistorical texts
dc.subjectplague
dc.subjectretrospective diagnosis
dc.subjectRichard III
dc.titleImproving the use of historical written sources in paleopathology
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationNameInternational Journal of Paleopathology
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.13270
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-02-25
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.ijpp.2016.02.005
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-02-25
dc.contributor.orcidMitchell, Piers [0000-0002-1009-697X]
dc.identifier.eissn1879-9825
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2016-03-07
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2017-03-07


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International