Intrinsic and Extrinsic Ferromagnetism in Co-Doped Indium Tin Oxide Revealed Using X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism
Hakimi, A. M. H. R.
Blamire, M. G.
Dhesi, S. S.
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Hakimi, A. M. H. R., Schoofs, F., Blamire, M. G., Langridge, S., & Dhesi, S. S. (2017). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Ferromagnetism in Co-Doped Indium Tin Oxide Revealed Using X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2836254
The effects of high-temperature annealing on ferromagnetic Co-doped Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) thin films have been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetometry, and X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD). Following annealing, the magnetometry results indicate the formation of Co clusters with a significant increase in the saturation magnetization of the thin films arising from defects introduced during cluster formation. However, sum rule analysis of the element-specific XMCD results shows that the magnetic moment at the Co sites is reduced after annealing. The effects of annealing demonstrate that the ferromagnetism observed in the as-deposited Co-doped ITO films arises from intrinsic defects and cannot be related to the segregation of metallic Co clusters.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2836254
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267666
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Rights Holder: Copyright © 2017 A. M. H. R. Hakimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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