A short-term longitudinal study of correlates and sequelae of attachment security in autism
Attachment and Human Development
Taylor & Francis
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Rozga, A., Hesse, E., Main, M., Duschinsky, R., Beckwith, L., & Sigman, M. (2017). A short-term longitudinal study of correlates and sequelae of attachment security in autism. Attachment and Human Development https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2017.1383489
In this short-term longitudinal study, thirty preschool-aged children with autism were first observed in Ainsworth’s Strange Situation procedure and, separately, interacting with the primary caregiver in the home. One year later, each child completed both a developmental assessment and an observational assessment of empathic responding. Behaviors typical for children with autism were distinguished from behaviors suggestive of relationally based attachment disorganization. Forty five percent of the children were classified as securely attached. The secure group demonstrated language skills superior to those of the insecurely attached group, concurrently and during the follow-up. Compared to parents of children who were insecurely attached, parents of securely attached children were rated as more sensitive. Compared to both organized insecure and disorganized children, secure children were rated as more responsive to an examiner’s apparent distress during the follow-up relative to their ratings at intake, whereas empathy ratings of children with insecure classifications did not increase. Importantly, attachment security was associated with empathy above and beyond the contribution of children’s language level. These results indicate that the sequelae of attachment security in autism may be similar to those documented for typically developing children.
attachment, autism, parent–child interaction, maternal sensitivity, empathy
This work was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, as part of the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism: [Program Project Grant Number HD-DCD35470] and Wellcome Trust: [Grant Number WT103343MA].
Wellcome Trust (103343/Z/13/A)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2017.1383489
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270606
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