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dc.contributor.authorDraper, Karey Lee
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-16T15:46:52Z
dc.date.available2018-01-16T15:46:52Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-27
dc.date.submitted2017-09-27
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270649
dc.description.abstractAbstract Wartime Huts: The Development, Typology and Identification of Temporary Military Buildings in Britain 1914-1945 By, Karey L. Draper Faculty of Architecture University of Cambridge The use of temporary, prefabricated buildings in Britain during the twentieth century arose from wartime need to provide better, and perhaps more importantly, portable shelter for troops and equipment. This thesis provides the first comprehensive list of hut designs for the First and Second World Wars. The full lists and descriptions of each hut are given in the appendices. These lists, 20 types for the First World War and 52 from the Second World War, show the huge range and scope of the huts used and is the major contribution of this thesis. The concentration here is on generic types. Some huts were designed as one-offs and there is no possible way to catalogue these. This thesis has focused instead on those designs or industrially-produced types, which were meant to be produced en-masse as generic solutions to the problem: the sort of hut that might justifiably be given a name (such as a ‘Tarran’, a ‘Seco’, etc.). This thesis provides essential information enabling historians to be able to identify these types. It uses primary and secondary sources to trace the development of these huts and the effect that wartime shortages had on their design. Beginning with the earliest examples of temporary military building, it then focuses on the huts of the First and Second World Wars followed by a study of huts grouped in chapters by material. This research shows that the wartime period pushed industry to make giant leaps forward with construction methods and materials in just a few short years, where otherwise it may have taken decades. This thesis aims to provide the first overview of this process and to enable future researchers to identify and understand the development of these important wartime structures, many of which survive to this day.
dc.description.sponsorshipSociety of Architectural Historians of Great Britain PhD Scholarship (2015)
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsNo Creative Commons licence (All rights reserved)
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserveden
dc.rights.urihttps://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved/en
dc.subjectprefabrication
dc.subjectfirst world war
dc.subjectsecond world war
dc.subjectarchitecture
dc.subjecthuts
dc.subjectwartime building
dc.subjectmilitary building
dc.subjectengineering
dc.subjectroyal engineers
dc.subjectwar office
dc.subjectministry of works
dc.subjectarmstrong hut
dc.subjectnissen hut
dc.subjectplasterboard
dc.subjectBuilding Research Station
dc.subjectconcrete
dc.subjectcorrugated iron
dc.subjectBritish History
dc.subjectalternative materials
dc.subjecthutted hospitals
dc.subjectcontrol of building materials
dc.subjectaccommodation
dc.subjecttemporary architecture
dc.subjectportable architecture
dc.subjectpost-war housing
dc.subjectCrimean war
dc.titleWartime Huts: The Development, Typology, and Identification of Temporary Military Buildings in Britain 1914-1945
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoral
dc.type.qualificationnameDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cambridge
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Architecture
dc.date.updated2018-01-16T12:09:13Z
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.17581
dc.publisher.collegeWolfson College
dc.type.qualificationtitlePhD in Architecture
cam.supervisorCampbell, James W. P.


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