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dc.contributor.authorBatty, G Daviden
dc.contributor.authorKivimäki, Mikaen
dc.contributor.authorBell, Stevenen
dc.contributor.authorGale, Catharine Ren
dc.contributor.authorShipley, Martinen
dc.contributor.authorWhitley, Eliseen
dc.contributor.authorGunnell, Daviden
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-23T10:34:28Z
dc.date.available2018-01-23T10:34:28Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-22en
dc.identifier.issn2158-3188
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270986
dc.description.abstractIn this narrative overview of the evidence linking psychosocial factors with future suicide risk, we collect results from published reports of prospective studies with verified suicide events (mortality or, less commonly, hospitalisation) alongside analyses of new data. There is abundant evidence indicating that low socioeconomic position, irrespective of the economic status of the country in question, is associated with an increased risk of suicide, including the suggestion that the recent global economic recession has been responsible for an increase in suicide deaths and, by proxy, attempts. Social isolation, low scores on tests of intelligence, serious mental illness (both particularly strongly), chronic psychological distress, and lower physical stature (a marker of childhood exposures) were also consistently related to elevated suicide rates. Although there is some circumstantial evidence for psychosocial stress, personality disposition, and early life characteristics such as bullying being risk indices for suicide, the general paucity of studies means it is not currently possible to draw clear conclusions about their status. Most suicide intervention strategies have traditionally not explored the modification of psychosocial factors, partly because evidence linking psychosocial factors with suicide risk is, as shown herein, in its infancy, or, where is does exist, for instance for intelligence and personality disposition, the characteristics in question do not appear to be malleable.
dc.format.mediumElectronicen
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectRisk Assessmenten
dc.subjectRisk Factorsen
dc.subjectProspective Studiesen
dc.subjectSuicideen
dc.subjectStress, Psychologicalen
dc.subjectSocial Isolationen
dc.subjectMental Disordersen
dc.subjectAge Factorsen
dc.subjectSex Factorsen
dc.subjectSocioeconomic Factorsen
dc.subjectAdulten
dc.subjectGlobal Healthen
dc.titlePsychosocial characteristics as potential predictors of suicide in adults: an overview of the evidence with new results from prospective cohort studies.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.issueIdentifier1en
prism.publicationDate2018en
prism.publicationNameTranslational psychiatryen
prism.startingPage22
prism.volume8en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.17940
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-10-15en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41398-017-0072-8en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-01-22en
dc.contributor.orcidBatty, G David [0000-0003-1822-5753]
dc.contributor.orcidKivimäki, Mika [0000-0002-4699-5627]
dc.contributor.orcidBell, Steven [0000-0001-6774-3149]
dc.contributor.orcidGale, Catharine R [0000-0002-3361-8638]
dc.identifier.eissn2158-3188
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/L003120/1)
pubs.funder-project-idBritish Heart Foundation (RG/08/014/24067)


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