ICP versus Laser Doppler Cerebrovascular Reactivity Indices to Assess Brain Autoregulatory Capacity
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Zeiler, F., Donnelly, J., Cardim, D., Menon, D., Smielewski, P., & Czosnyka, M. (2017). ICP versus Laser Doppler Cerebrovascular Reactivity Indices to Assess Brain Autoregulatory Capacity. Neurocritical Care https://doi.org/10.1007/s12028-017-0472-x
Objective: To explore the relationship between various autoregulatory indices in order to determine which approximate small-vessel/microvascular autoregulatory capacity most accurately. Methods: Utilizing a retrospective cohort of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients (N=41) with: transcranial Doppler (TCD), intracranial pressure (ICP) and cortical laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), we calculated various continuous indices of autoregulation and cerebrovascular responsiveness: A. ICP derived (pressure reactivity index (PRx) – correlation between ICP and mean arterial pressure (MAP), PAx – correlation between pulse amplitude of ICP (AMP) and MAP, RAC – correlation between AMP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP)), B. TCD derived (Mx – correlation between mean flow velocity (FVm) and CPP, Mx_a – correlation betrween FVm and MAP, Sx – correlation between systolic flow velocity (FVs) and CPP, Sx_a – correlation between FVs and MAP, Dx – correlation between diastolic flow index (FVd) and CPP, Dx_a – correlation between FVd and MAP), and LDF derived (Lx – correlation between LDF cerebral blood flow (CBF) and CPP, Lx_a – correlation between LDF-CBF and MAP). We assessed the relationship between these indices via Pearson correlation, Friedman test, principal component analysis (PCA), agglomerative hierarchal clustering (AHC) and k-means cluster analysis (KMCA). Results: LDF based autoregulatory index (Lx) was most associated with TCD based Mx/Mx_a and Dx/Dx_a across Pearson correlation, PCA, AHC and KMCA. Lx was only remotely associated with ICP based indices (PRx, PAx, RAC). TCD based Sx/Sx_a were more closely associated with ICP derived PRx, PAx and RAC. This indicates that vascular derived indices of autoregulatory capacity (ie. TCD and LDF based) co-vary, with Sx/Sx_a being the exception. Whereas, indices of cerebrovascular reactivity derived from pulsatile CBV (ie. ICP indices) appear to not be closely related to those of vascular origin. Conclusions: Transcranial Doppler Mx is the most closely associated with LDF based Lx/Lx_a. Both Sx/Sx-a and the ICP derived indices appear to be dissociated with LDF based cerebrovascular reactivity, leaving Mx/Mx-a as a better surrogate for the assessment of cortical small vessel/microvascular cerebrovascular reactivity. Sx/Sx_a co-cluster/co-vary with ICP derived indices, as seen in our previous work.
cerebrovascular reactivity, autoregulation, laser Doppler, ICP index, co-variance, machine learning
This work was made possible through salary support through the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust Scholarship, the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada – Harry S. Morton Travelling Fellowship in Surgery, the University of Manitoba Clinician Investigator Program, R. Samuel McLaughlin Research and Education Award, the Manitoba Medical Service Foundation, and the University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine Dean’s Fellowship Fund. These studies were supported by National Institute for Healthcare Research (NIHR, UK) through the Acute Brain Injury and Repair theme of the Cambridge NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, an NIHR Senior Investigator Award to DKM. Authors were also supported by a European Union Framework Program 7 grant (CENTER-TBI; Grant Agreement No. 602150) MC is supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI17C1790). JD is supported by a Woolf Fisher Scholarship (NZ).
EC FP7 CP (602150)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12028-017-0472-x
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/271896
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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