CO2 content beneath northern Iceland and the variability of mantle carbon
Geological Society of America
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Hauri, E., Maclennan, J., McKenzie, D., Gronvold, K., Oskarsson, N., & Shimizu, N. (2017). CO2 content beneath northern Iceland and the variability of mantle carbon. Geology, 46 (1), 55-58. https://doi.org/10.1130/G39413.1
Primitive basalt melt inclusions from Borgarhraun, northern Iceland, display large correlated variations in CO2 and non-volatile incompatible trace elements (ITEs) such as Nb, Th, Rb, and Ba. The average CO2/ITE ratios of the Borgarhraun melt inclusion population are precisely determined (e.g., CO2/Nb = 391 ± 16; 2M, n = 161). These data, along with published data on five other populations of undegassed MORB glasses and melt inclusions, demonstrate that upper mantle CO2/Ba and CO2/Rb are nearly homogenous, while CO2/Nb and CO2/Th are broadly correlated with long-term indices of mantle heterogeneity reflected in Nd isotopes (143Nd/144Nd) in five out of the six regions of the upper mantle examined thus far. Our results suggest that heterogeneous carbon contents of the upper mantle are long-lived features, and that average carbon abundances of the mantle sources of Atlantic mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) are higher by a factor of two than those of Pacific MORB. This observation is correlated with a similar distinction in water contents (Michael, 1995) and trace elements characteristic of subduction fluids (Ba, Rb; Arevalo and McDonough, 2010). We suggest that the upper mantle beneath the younger Atlantic Ocean basin contains components of hydrated and carbonated subduction-modified mantle from prior episodes of Iapetus subduction that were entrained and mixed into the upper mantle during opening of the Atlantic Ocean basin.
Maclennan is supported by Natural Environment Research Council grant NE/M000427/1. This research was supported by the Carnegie Institution of Washington and is a contribution to the Deep Carbon Observatory.
NERC (via University of Oxford) (NE/M000427/1 - DGR00210)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1130/G39413.1
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/273547
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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