Mapping UV properties throughout the cosmic horseshoe: Lessons from VLT-MUSE
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Oxford University Press
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James, B., Auger, M., Pettini, M., Stark, D., Belokurov, V., & Carniani, S. (2018). Mapping UV properties throughout the cosmic horseshoe: Lessons from VLT-MUSE. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 476 (2), 1726-1740. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty315
We present the first spatially-resolved rest-frame UV study of the gravitationally lensed galaxy, the 'Cosmic Horseshoe' (J1148+1930) at z=2.38. Our gravitational lens model shows that the system is made up of four star-forming regions, each ~4-8 kpc^2 in size, from which we extract four spatially exclusive regional spectra. We study the interstellar and wind absorption lines, along with CIII] doublet emission lines, in each region to investigate any variation in emission/absorption line properties. The mapped CIII] emission shows distinct kinematical structure, with velocity offsets of ~+/-50 km/s between regions suggestive of a merging system, and a variation in equivalent width that indicates a change in ionisation parameter and/or metallicity between the regions. Absorption line velocities reveal a range of outflow strengths, with gas outflowing between -200<v(km/s)<-50 relative to the systemic velocity of that region. Interestingly, the strongest gas outflow appears to emanate from the most diffuse star-forming region. The star-formation rates remain relatively constant (~8-16 M_sol/yr), mostly due to large uncertainties in reddening estimates. As such, the outflows appear to be 'global' rather than 'locally' sourced. We measure electron densities with a range of log(Ne)=3.92-4.36 cm^-3, and point out that such high densities may be common when measured using the CIII] doublet due to its large critical density. Overall, our observations demonstrate that while it is possible to trace variations in large scale gas kinematics, detecting inhomogeneities in physical gas properties and their effects on the outflowing gas may be more difficult. This study provides important lessons for the spatially-resolved rest-frame UV studies expected with future observatories, such as JWST.
BLJ thanks support from the European Space Agency (ESA) and SC acknowledges nancial support from the Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC). The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Grant Agreement no. 308024.
European Research Council (308024)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty315
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/275076