Extracellular Monomeric and Aggregated Tau Efficiently Enter Human Neurons through Overlapping but Distinct Pathways.
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Evans, L., Wassmer, T., Fraser, G., Smith, J., Perkinton, M., Billinton, A., & Livesey, F. (2018). Extracellular Monomeric and Aggregated Tau Efficiently Enter Human Neurons through Overlapping but Distinct Pathways.. Cell reports, 22 (13), 3612-3624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.03.021
In Alzheimer's disease, neurofibrillary tangle pathology appears to spread along neuronal connections, proposed to be mediated by the release and uptake of abnormal, disease-specific forms of microtubule-binding protein tau, MAPT. It is currently unclear whether transfer of tau between neurons is a toxic gain-of-function process in dementia or reflects a constitutive biological process. We report two entry mechanisms for monomeric tau to human neurons: a rapid dynamin-dependent phase typical of endocytosis, and a second, slower actin-dependent phase of macropinocytosis. Aggregated tau entry is independent of actin polymerisation and largely dynamin dependent, consistent with endocytosis and distinct from macropinocytosis, the major route for aggregated tau entry reported for non-neuronal cells. Anti-tau antibodies abrogate monomeric tau entry into neurons, but less efficiently for aggregated tau, where internalised tau carries antibody with it into neurons. These data suggest that tau entry to human neurons is a physiological process, and not a disease-specific phenomenon.
Wellcome Trust (101052/Z/13/Z)
Alzheimer's Research UK (ARUK-SCRC2014-1)
Medical Research Council (MR/N013255/1)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.03.021
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/276985
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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