Camera-based measurement of cyclist motion
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering
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Eddy, C., de Saxe, C., & Cebon, D. (2019). Camera-based measurement of cyclist motion. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 233 (7), 1793-1805. https://doi.org/10.1177/0954407018789301
<jats:p> Heavy goods vehicles are overrepresented in cyclist fatality statistics in the United Kingdom relative to their proportion of total traffic volume. In particular, the statistics highlight a problem for vehicles turning left across the path of a cyclist on their inside. In this article, we present a camera-based system to detect and track cyclists in the blind spot. The system uses boosted classifiers and geometric constraints to detect cyclist wheels, and Canny edge detection to locate the ground contact point. The locations of these points are mapped into physical coordinates using a calibration system based on the ground plane. A Kalman Filter is used to track and predict the future motion of the cyclist. Full-scale tests were conducted using a construction vehicle fitted with two cameras, and the results compared with measurements from an ultrasonic-sensor system. Errors were comparable to the ultrasonic system, with average error standard deviation of 4.3 cm when the cyclist was 1.5 m from the heavy goods vehicles, and 7.1 cm at a distance of 1 m. When results were compared to manually extracted cyclist position data, errors were less than 4 cm at separations of 1.5 and 1 m. Compared to the ultrasonic system, the camera system requires simple hardware and can easily differentiate cyclists from stationary or moving background objects such as parked cars or roadside furniture. However, the cameras suffer from reduced robustness and accuracy at close range and cannot operate in low-light conditions. </jats:p>
C. Eddy was supported by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). C.C. de Saxe was supported by the Cambridge Commonwealth, European and International Trust, UK, and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0954407018789301
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/277496