Mechanistic Distinctions between CHK1 and WEE1 Inhibition Guide the Scheduling of Triple Therapy with Gemcitabine.
Bapiro, Tashinga E
American Association for Cancer Research
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Koh, S., Wallez, Y., Dunlop, C. R., Bernaldo de Quirós Fernández, S., Bapiro, T. E., Richards, F., & Jodrell, D. (2018). Mechanistic Distinctions between CHK1 and WEE1 Inhibition Guide the Scheduling of Triple Therapy with Gemcitabine.. Cancer research, 78 (11), 3054-3066. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.can-17-3932
Combination of cytotoxic therapy with emerging DNA damage response inhibitors (DDRi) has been limited by tolerability issues. However, the goal of most combination trials has been to administer DDRi with standard-of-care doses of chemotherapy. We hypothesised that mechanism-guided treatment scheduling could reduce the incidence of dose-limiting toxicities and enable tolerable multitherapeutic regimens. Integrative analyses of mathematical modelling and single-cell assays distinguished the synergy kinetics of WEE1i from CHK1i by potency, spatiotemporal perturbation, and mitotic effects when combined with gemcitabine. These divergent properties collectively supported a triple-agent strategy, whereby a pulse of gemcitabine and CHK1i followed by WEE1i durably suppressed tumour cell growth. In xenografts, CHK1i exaggerated replication stress without mitotic CDK hyperactivation, enriching a geminin-positive subpopulation and intratumoral gemcitabine metabolite. Without overt toxicity, addition of WEE1i to low-dose gemcitabine and CHK1i was most effective in tumour control compared to single and double agents. Overall, our work provides quantitative insights into the mechanisms of DDRi chemosensitisation, leading to the rational development of a tolerable multitherapeutic regimen.
Cell Line, Tumor, Animals, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Humans, Mice, Mice, Nude, DNA Damage, Cell Cycle Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Deoxycytidine, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays, Cell Proliferation, DNA Replication, Drug Synergism, Female, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Checkpoint Kinase 1
Cancer Research UK (C14303_do not transfer)
Pancreatic Cancer UK (FutureLeaders)
Cancer Research UK (CB4270)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.can-17-3932
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/277661