Synthesis of transparent dispersions of aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles.
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Chen, B., Wang, J., Wang, D., Zeng, X., Clarke, S., & Chen, J. (2018). Synthesis of transparent dispersions of aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles.. Nanotechnology, 29 (30), 305605. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aac371
Transparent dispersions of inorganic nanoparticles are attractive materials in many fields. However, a facile method for preparing such dispersions of aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles is yet to be realized. Here, we report a direct reactive method to prepare transparent dispersions of pseudo-boehmite nanoparticles (1 wt%) without any surface modification, and with an average particle size of 80 nm in length and 10 nm in width, as well as excellent optical transparency over 94% in the visible range. Furthermore, transparent dispersions of boehmite nanoparticles (1.5 wt%) were also achieved after an additional hydrothermal treatment. However, the optical transparency of dispersions decreased with the rise of hydrothermal temperature and the shape of particles changed from rhombs to hexagons. In particular, monodisperse hexagonal boehmite nanoplates with an average lateral size of 58 nm and a thickness of 12.5 nm were obtained at a hydrothermal temperature of 220 oC. The selectivity of crystal growth direction was speculated as the possible formation mechanism of these as-prepared aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles. Besides, two values of 19.6 wt% and 14.64 wt% were separately measured for the weight loss of pseudo-boehmite and boehmite nanoparticles after a continuous heating, indicating their potential flame-resistant applications in the fabrication of plastic electronics and optical devices with high transparency.
none Chinese funding
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aac371
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279392