Childhood risk factors for lifetime bulimic or compulsive eating by age 30 years in a British national birth cohort.
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Nicholls, D., Statham, R., Nobre Da Costa, S., Micali, N., & Viner, R. (2016). Childhood risk factors for lifetime bulimic or compulsive eating by age 30 years in a British national birth cohort.. Appetite, 105 266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.05.036
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether previously identified childhood risk factors for bulimia or compulsive eating (BCE) predict self-reported lifetime BCE by age 30 years in a prospective birth cohort. METHOD: Using data from the 1970 British Cohort Study at birth, 5, and 10 years, associations between 22 putative childhood risk factors and self-reported lifetime BCE at 30 years were examined, adjusting for sex and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Only female sex (odds ratio (OR): 9.2; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9-43.7; p = 0.005), low self-esteem (OR:2.9; 95%CI: 1.1-7.5; p = 0.03) and high maternal education (OR:5.4; 95%CI: 2.0-14.8; p = 0.001) were significantly associated with higher risk of BCE, whereas high SES at 10 years was significantly protective (OR:0.2; 95%CI: 0.1-0.8; p = 0.022) of BCE in fully adjusted multivariable logistic regression analysis. DISCUSSION: Our findings do not support a strong role for childhood weight status and eating behaviours in the development of bulimia and compulsive eating pathology, rather suggesting a focus on self esteem may have greater relative importance. Findings in relation to maternal education and SES need further exploration.
Humans, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Cohort Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Prospective Studies, Feeding Behavior, Compulsive Behavior, Self Concept, Mothers, Sex Factors, Adult, Child, Educational Status, Female, Male, Overweight, Bulimia Nervosa, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Binge-Eating Disorder, Self Report, Pediatric Obesity, United Kingdom
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.05.036
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279523