Identification of Novel Functionally Important Aromatic Residue Interactions in the Extracellular Domain of the Glycine Receptor.
Devenish, Steven O
American Chemical Society
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Tang, B., Devenish, S. O., & Lummis, S. (2018). Identification of Novel Functionally Important Aromatic Residue Interactions in the Extracellular Domain of the Glycine Receptor.. Biochemistry, 57 (27), 4029-4035. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00425
The extracellular domains (ECDs) of Cys-loop receptors contain many aromatic amino acids, but only relatively few have been well studied. Here we explore the roles of Tyr and Trp residues in the ECD of the glycine receptor and show that four such residues that have not been previously studied (Y24, Y58, W170, and Y197) contribute significantly to the function of the protein. The residues were studied by creating mutant receptors, characterizing them using two-electrode voltage clamp in Xenopus oocytes, and interpreting changes in receptor parameters using structural information about the open and closed states of the receptor. Alanine substitution of all these residues ablates function or increases the glycine EC50. There are also a number of changes in the relative maximal responses to taurine, a partial agonist, compared to glycine. Further mutations, in combination with structural information, suggest Y24 contributes to an anion-π interaction with a binding loop D residue, Y58 to an S-π interaction stabilizing the Cys loop, W170 to hydrophobic interactions stabilizing the hydrophobic interior of the subunit, and Y197 to a hydrogen bond linking binding loops B and C. These interactions appear to be broadly conserved in other Cys-loop receptors. Thus, we have identified new regions of the glycine receptor that are important contributors to receptor activation and are likely also to contribute to function in other members of this important protein family.
S.C.R.L. was supported by MRC Grant MR L021676.
Medical Research Council (MR/L021676/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00425
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279604