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dc.contributor.authorSeersholm, Frederik Valeur
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, Mikkel Winther
dc.contributor.authorSøe, Martin Jensen
dc.contributor.authorShokry, Hussein
dc.contributor.authorMak, Sarah Siu Tze
dc.contributor.authorRuter, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorRaghavan, Maanasa
dc.contributor.authorFitzhugh, William
dc.contributor.authorKjær, Kurt H
dc.contributor.authorWillerslev, Eske
dc.contributor.authorMeldgaard, Morten
dc.contributor.authorKapel, Christian MO
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Anders Johannes
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-08T06:28:53Z
dc.date.available2018-09-08T06:28:53Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-08
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279740
dc.description.abstractThe demographic history of Greenland is characterized by recurrent migrations and extinctions since the first humans arrived 4,500 years ago. Our current understanding of these extinct cultures relies primarily on preserved fossils found in their archaeological deposits, which hold valuable information on past subsistence practices. However, some exploited taxa, though economically important, comprise only a small fraction of these sub-fossil assemblages. Here we reconstruct a comprehensive record of past subsistence economies in Greenland by sequencing ancient DNA from four well-described midden deposits. Our results confirm that the species found in the fossil record, like harp seal and ringed seal, were a vital part of Inuit subsistence, but also add a new dimension with evidence that caribou, walrus and whale species played a more prominent role for the survival of Paleo-Inuit cultures than previously reported. Most notably, we report evidence of bowhead whale exploitation by the Saqqaq culture 4,000 years ago.
dc.format.mediumElectronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectHelminths
dc.subjectDNA Damage
dc.subjectDNA
dc.subjectDNA, Plant
dc.subjectSequence Analysis, DNA
dc.subjectBiodiversity
dc.subjectGeography
dc.subjectGeologic Sediments
dc.subjectTime Factors
dc.subjectArchaeology
dc.subjectFossils
dc.subjectInuits
dc.subjectGreenland
dc.subjectBowhead Whale
dc.titleDNA evidence of bowhead whale exploitation by Greenlandic Paleo-Inuit 4,000 years ago.
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationDate2016
prism.publicationNameNat Commun
prism.startingPage13389
prism.volume7
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.27111
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-09-29
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/ncomms13389
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-11-08
dc.contributor.orcidPedersen, Mikkel Winther [0000-0002-7291-8887]
dc.contributor.orcidRaghavan, Maanasa [0000-0003-1997-0739]
dc.contributor.orcidWillerslev, Eske [0000-0002-7081-6748]
dc.identifier.eissn2041-1723
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2016-11-08


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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)