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dc.contributor.authorFoster, Charlieen
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Paulen
dc.contributor.authorReid, Hamish ABen
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Niaen
dc.contributor.authorMurtagh, Elaine Men
dc.contributor.authorHumphreys, David Ken
dc.contributor.authorPanter, Jennaen
dc.contributor.authorMilton, Karenen
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-11T08:36:33Z
dc.date.available2018-09-11T08:36:33Z
dc.date.issued2018-06en
dc.identifier.issn0306-3674
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280117
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Interventions to promote walking have focused on individual or group-based approaches, often via the randomised controlled trial design. Walking can also be promoted using population health approaches. We systematically reviewed the effectiveness of population approaches to promote walking among individuals and populations. DESIGN: A systematic review. DATA SOURCES: 10 electronic databases searched from January 1990 to March 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligibility criteria include pre-experimental and postexperimental studies of the effects of population interventions to change walking, and the effects must have been compared with a 'no intervention', or comparison group/area/population, or variation in exposure; duration of ≥12 months of follow up; participants in free-living populations; and English-language articles. RESULTS: 12 studies were identified from mostly urban high-income countries (one focusing on using tax, incentivising the loss of parking spaces; and one using policy only, permitting off-leash dogs in city parks). Five studies used mass media with either environment (n=2) or community (n=3) approaches. Four studies used environmental changes that were combined with policies. One study had scaled up school-based approaches to promote safe routes to schools. We found mass media, community initiatives and environmental change approaches increased walking (range from 9 to 75 min/week).
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherBMJ
dc.subjectpublic healthen
dc.subjectreviewen
dc.subjectwalkingen
dc.subjectEnvironmenten
dc.subjectHealth Policyen
dc.subjectHealth Promotionen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectMass Mediaen
dc.subjectMotivationen
dc.subjectProgram Evaluationen
dc.subjectPublic Healthen
dc.subjectSchoolsen
dc.subjectWalkingen
dc.titleWhat works to promote walking at the population level? A systematic review.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage812
prism.issueIdentifier12en
prism.publicationDate2018en
prism.publicationNameBritish Journal of Sports Medicineen
prism.startingPage807
prism.volume52en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.27482
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-03-23en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1136/bjsports-2017-098953en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-06en
dc.contributor.orcidPanter, Jenna [0000-0001-8870-718X]
dc.identifier.eissn1473-0480
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idESRC (ES/G007462/1)
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K023187/1)
pubs.funder-project-idTCC (PDF-2012-05-157)
cam.issuedOnline2018-05-31en
dc.identifier.urlhttps://bjsm.bmj.com/content/52/12/807.infoen
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-05-31


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