Exploiting flux jumps for pulsed field magnetisation
Superconductor Science and Technology
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Zhou, D., Ainslie, M., Srpčič, J., Huang, D., Shi, Y., Dennis, T., Cardwell, D., et al. (2018). Exploiting flux jumps for pulsed field magnetisation. Superconductor Science and Technology, 31 (10)https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6668/aad786
Magnetisation is one of the main barriers to practical use of bulk superconductors as high field magnets. Recently several authors have reported a flux jump effect that allows penetration of magnetic flux into a bulk superconductor during pulsed field magnetisation (PFM) at lower fields than that would be predicted on the basis of the Bean model. We have systematically investigated macroscopic flux jumps in single grain GdBa2Cu3O7-δ-Ag (GdBCO-Ag) bulk superconductors with diameters of up to 30 mm when subjected to pulsed magnetic fields. Flux jumps were observed at temperatures between 30 K and 77 K and in applied magnetic fields of up to 7 T. The applied pulsed field required to trigger the instability or flux jump field, Bj, was determined experimentally and found to increase with decreasing temperature. An extended instability criterion based on a 2D axisymmetric model was used to predict Bj at various temperatures and the results are in good agreement with experiments. A significant temperature rise has been measured experimentally during the magnetisation process which indicates that local heat generation due to the sharp rise of the applied field in the PFM process is the primary cause of the flux jumps. The experimental results suggest further that the critical current density reduces to almost zero in the warm part of the sample during the short period of non-equilibrium. A peak trapped field of 4.1 T at the surface and 5.3 T between a stack of two GdBCO-Ag bulk superconductors was achieved at 30 K by means of an optimized two- step pulse sequence with the assistance of the flux jumps, which is extremely promising for potential applications of these technologically important materials.
This work was supported by the Siemens Company and by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (grant number: EP/P00962X/1). Mark Ainslie would like to acknowledge financial support from an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Early Career Fellowship EP/P020313/1.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6668/aad786
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280224
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Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/