Plant defense signals: Players and pawns in plant-virus-vector interactions
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Carr, J., Murphy, A., Tungadi, T., & Yoon, J. (2018). Plant defense signals: Players and pawns in plant-virus-vector interactions. Plant Science https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.04.011
Plant viruses face an array of host defenses. Well-studied responses that protect against viruses include effector-triggered immunity, induced resistance (such as systemic acquired resistance mediated by salicylic acid), and RNA silencing. Recent work shows that viruses are also affected by non-host resistance mechanisms; previously thought to affect only bacteria, oomycetes and fungi. However, an enduring puzzle is how viruses are inhibited by several inducible host resistance mechanisms. Many viruses have been shown to encode factors that inhibit antiviral silencing. A number of these, including the cucumoviral 2b protein, the poytviral P1/HC-Pro and, respectively, geminivirus or satellite DNA-encoded proteins such as the C2 or βC1, also inhibit defensive signaling mediated by salicylic acid and jasmonic acid. This helps to explain how viruses can, in some cases, overcome host resistance. Additionally, interference with defensive signaling provides a means for viruses to manipulate plant-insect interactions. This is important because insects, particularly aphids and whiteflies, transmit many viruses. Indeed, there is now substantial evidence that viruses can enhance their own transmission through their effects on hosts. Even more surprisingly, it appears that viruses may be able to manipulate plant interactions with beneficial insects by, for example, ‘paying back’ their hosts by attracting pollinators.
Leverhulme Trust (RPF-2012-667)
Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA) National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHHS) (unknown)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.04.011
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280322