Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSato, Yuri
dc.contributor.authorStapleton, Gem
dc.contributor.authorJamnik, Mateja
dc.contributor.authorShams, Zohreh
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T12:07:43Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T12:07:43Z
dc.date.issued2019-02
dc.identifier.issn1612-4782
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280567
dc.description.abstractResearch in psychology about reasoning has often been restricted to relatively inexpressive statements involving quantifiers (e.g. syllogisms). This is limited to situations that typically do not arise in practical settings, like ontology engineering. In order to provide an analysis of inference, we focus on reasoning tasks presented in external graphic representations where statements correspond to those involving multiple quantifiers and unary and binary relations. Our experiment measured participants' performance when reasoning with two notations. The first notation used topological constraints to convey information via node-link diagrams (i.e. graphs). The second used topological and spatial constraints to convey information (Euler diagrams with additional graph-like syntax). We found that topo-spatial representations were more effective for inferences than topological representations alone. Reasoning with statements involving multiple quantifiers was harder than reasoning with single quantifiers in topological representations, but not in topo-spatial representations. These findings are compared to those in sentential reasoning tasks.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectProblem Solving
dc.subjectData Display
dc.titleHuman inference beyond syllogisms: an approach using external graphical representations.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage115
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationDate2019
prism.publicationNameCogn Process
prism.startingPage103
prism.volume20
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.27935
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-07-21
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s10339-018-0877-2
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-02
dc.contributor.orcidSato, Yuri [0000-0002-4095-7451]
dc.contributor.orcidStapleton, Gem [0000-0002-6567-6752]
dc.contributor.orcidJamnik, Mateja [0000-0003-2772-2532]
dc.contributor.orcidShams, Zohreh [0000-0002-0143-798X]
dc.identifier.eissn1612-4790
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (RPG-2016-082)
cam.issuedOnline2018-08-03
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-08-03


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record