Mind the gap: turbulent combustion model validation and future needs
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
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Hochgreb, S. (2019). Mind the gap: turbulent combustion model validation and future needs. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.003
This overview collects a range of well characterized experiments used in the step-wise validation of turbulent combustion models, from gas phase non-premixed jet flames to spray flames, and from simple symmetric jets to real device geometries, focusing primarily on statistically steady state experiments. We discuss how the experiments and models are constructed, approaches to modelling, and the tradeoffs between the level of detail and computational demands. The review highlights a number of experiments used for benchmarking models, selecting a few examples where models have clearly succeeded, as well as some areas where there are clear needs in the experimental database. In particular, the areas of turbulent spray combustion and soot prediction, as well as combustion under high pressures appear as the least developed and present the clearest gaps for both models and experiments. Based on the successful application of advanced methods of uncertainty quantification to a number of problems in reacting flows, we suggest that these methods might be used to advantage in the design of experiments. This would enable an upfront examination of the extent to which comparisons between measurable scalars and velocities allow clear distinction between model features.
turbulent combustion, diagnostics, model validation
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.003
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/283251