Equally probable positive and negative Poisson's ratios in disordered planar systems.
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
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Verstreken, C. M., Chalut, K., & Blumenfeld, R. (2018). Equally probable positive and negative Poisson's ratios in disordered planar systems.. Soft Matter, 14 (31), 6554-6560. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8sm00717a
Auxetic materials, characterised by a negative Poisson's ratio, have properties that are different from most conventional materials. These are a result of the constraints on the kinematics of the material's basic structural components, and have important technological implications. Models of these materials have been studied extensively, but theoretical descriptions have remained largely limited to materials with an ordered microstructure. Here we investigate whether negative Poisson's ratios can arise spontaneously in disordered systems. To this end, we develop a quantitative description of the structure in systems of connected basic elements, which enables us to analyse the local and global responses to small external tensile forces. We find that the Poisson's ratios in these disordered systems are equally likely to be positive or negative on both the element and system scales. Separating the strain into translational, rotational and expansive components, we find that the translational strains of neighbouring basic structural elements are positively correlated, while their rotations are negatively correlated. There is no correlation in this type of system between the local auxeticity and local structural characteristics. Our results suggest that auxeticity is more common in disordered structures than the ubiquity of positive Poisson's ratios in macroscopic materials would suggest.
This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (C. M. V.), and the UK Medical Research Council and Wellcome Trust (K. J. C.).
Medical Research Council (MC_PC_12009)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8sm00717a
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/284183
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/