Centrifuge simulation of heave behaviour of deep basement slabs in over-consolidated clay
Physical Modelling in Geotechnics: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom
9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG2018)
Taylor & Francis
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Chan, D., & Madabhushi, G. (2018). Centrifuge simulation of heave behaviour of deep basement slabs in over-consolidated clay. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom, 2 1421-1426. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.32014
High demand on land in major cities is driving construction of basement structures to create additional space. Long-term heave of base slabs is a pertinent problem in deep basement construction in over-consolidated clay strata, such as the London clay. Sub-structures must be designed to withstand soil pressures and displacements that evolve gradually for many years after construction is complete. This paper discusses an ongoing research project using centrifuge modelling to quantify the development of long-term heave by shortening the time-scale through dimensional similarity. The excavation process is simulated by draining of a heavy fluid (sodium polytungstate) and a model basement structure is instrumented to record the evolution of heave movements with time. This paper presents the preliminary results of a centrifuge test, which captured the magnitude of short-term differential and total heave deformation, the changes in support loads in horizontal props, and the evolution of pore pressures around the basement structure. Challenges encountered in this experimental technique and plans for further experimental work are discussed.
This research project is supported by the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Future Infrastructure and Built Environment in the University of Cambridge.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.32014
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/284640