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dc.contributor.authorOtoo, BKA
dc.contributor.authorClack, JA
dc.contributor.authorSmithson, TR
dc.contributor.authorBennett, CE
dc.contributor.authorKearsey, TI
dc.contributor.authorCoates, MI
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-13T00:30:16Z
dc.date.available2018-11-13T00:30:16Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0031-0239
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/284944
dc.description.abstractThe end-Devonian mass extinction has been framed as a turning point in vertebrate evolution, enabling the radiation of tetrapods, chondrichthyans, and actinopterygians in the Carboniferous and beyond. Until very recently ‘Romer’s Gap’ rendered the Early Carboniferous a black box standing between the Devonian and the later Carboniferous, but now new Tournaisian localities are filling this interval. Recent work has recovered tetrapod and lungfish diversity in contrast with previous expectations. However, the composition of Tournaisian faunas remains poorly understood. Here we report on a Tournaisian vertebrate fauna from a well-characterized, narrow stratigraphic interval from the Ballagan Formation exposed at Burnmouth, Scotland. Microfossils suggest brackish conditions and the sedimentology indicates a low-energy debris flow on a vegetated floodplain. A range of vertebrate bone sizes are preserved. Rhizodonts are represented by the most material, which can be assigned to two taxa. Lungfish are represented by several species, almost all of which are currently endemic to the Ballagan Formation. There are two named tetrapods, Aytonerpeton and Diploradus, with at least two others represented by additional specimens. Gyracanths, holocephalans, and actinopterygian fishes are represented by rarer fossils. This material compares well with vertebrate fossils from other Ballagan deposits elsewhere. The faunal provides an opportunity to revisit previous work on the end-Devonian extinction. Faunal similarity analysis using an updated dataset of DevonianCarboniferous (Givetian-Serpukhovian) sites corroborates a persistent Devonian/Carboniferous split. Separation of the data into marine and nonmarine partitions indicates more Devonian-Carboniferous faunal continuity in nonmarine settings compared to marine settings. These results agree with the latest fossil discoveries, and suggest that the Devonian-Carboniferous transition proceeded differently in different environments and among different taxonomic groups.
dc.publisherWiley
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleA fish and tetrapod fauna from Romer's Gap preserved in Scottish Tournaisian floodplain deposits
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage253
prism.issueIdentifier2
prism.publicationDate2019
prism.publicationNamePalaeontology
prism.startingPage225
prism.volume62
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.26166
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-07-12
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1111/pala.12395
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-03-01
dc.contributor.orcidOtoo, BKA [0000-0003-4880-4879]
dc.identifier.eissn1475-4983
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (NE/J022713/1)
cam.issuedOnline2018-10-03


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International