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dc.contributor.authorSteimer, Sarahen
dc.contributor.authorDelvaux, Aen
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, SJen
dc.contributor.authorGallimore, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorGrice, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorHowe, DJen
dc.contributor.authorPitton, Den
dc.contributor.authorClaeys, Men
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, Ten
dc.contributor.authorKalberer, Markusen
dc.description.abstractPeroxy acids were recently found to be involved in new particle formation in the atmosphere and could also substantially contribute towards particle toxicity. However, a lack of suitable analytical methods for the detection and characterisation of peroxy acids in the particle phase is currently hindering the quantitative investigation of their contribution to these important atmospheric processes. Further development of appropriate techniques and relevant standards is therefore urgently needed. In this study, we synthesised three peroxypinic acids, developed a liquid chromatography separation method and characterised them with tandem mass spectrometry. The observed fragmentation patterns clearly distinguish the different peroxypinic acids from both the acid and each other, showing several neutral losses previously already observed for other peroxy acids. Both monoperoxypinic acids were found to be present in secondary organic aerosol generated from ozonolysis of <i>α</i>-pinene in laboratory experiments. The yield of monoperoxypinic acid formation was not influenced by humidity. Monoperoxypinic acid quickly degrades on the filter, with about 60% lost within the first 5h. This fast degradation shows that time delays in traditional off-line analysis will likely lead to severe underestimates of peroxy compound concentrations in ambient particles.
dc.description.sponsorshipSarah S. Steimer acknowledges funding support from the Swiss National Science Foundation (project no. 162258). Funding by the European Research Council (ERC starting grant 279405) and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme through the EUROCHAMP-2020 Infrastructure Activity under grant agreement no. 730997 is acknowledged.
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.titleSynthesis and characterisation of peroxypinic acids as proxies for highly oxygenated molecules (HOMs) in secondary organic aerosolen
prism.publicationNameAtmospheric Chemistry and Physicsen
dc.contributor.orcidSteimer, Sarah [0000-0002-1955-9467]
dc.contributor.orcidGrice, Peter [0000-0003-4658-4534]
dc.contributor.orcidKalberer, Markus [0000-0001-8885-6556]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idEuropean Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Research Infrastructures (RI) (730997)
pubs.funder-project-idEuropean Research Council (279405)

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International