Association of p53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744, and p21 rs1801270 polymorphisms with retinoblastoma risk and invasion in a Chinese population.
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Chen, R., Liu, S., Ye, H., Li, J., Du, Y., Chen, L., Liu, X., et al. (2015). Association of p53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744, and p21 rs1801270 polymorphisms with retinoblastoma risk and invasion in a Chinese population.. Sci Rep, 5 13300. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13300
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of p53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744 and p21 rs1801270, all in the p53 pathway, which plays a crucial role in DNA damage and genomic instability, were reported to be associated with cancer risk and pathologic characteristics. This case-control study was designed to analyse the association between these SNPs and retinoblastoma (RB) in a Chinese Han population. These SNPs in 168 RB patients and 185 adult controls were genotyped using genomic DNA from venous blood. No significant difference was observed in allele or genotypic frequencies of these SNPs between Chinese RB patients and controls (all P > 0.05). However, the rs1042522 GC genotype showed a protective effect against RB invasion, as demonstrated by event-free survival (HR = 0.53, P = 0.007 for GC versus GG/CC). This effect was significant for patients with a lag time >1 month and no pre-enucleation treatment (P = 0.007 and P = 0.010, respectively), indicating an interaction between p53 rs1042522 and clinical characteristics, including lag time and pre-enucleation treatment status. Thus, the rs1042522 SNP may be associated with RB invasion in the Han Chinese population; however, further large and functional studies are needed to assess the validity of this association.
Humans, Retinoblastoma, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Factors, Gene Frequency, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Adult, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, China, Female, Male, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Genetic Association Studies, Kaplan-Meier Estimate
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13300
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285071
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/