Landscapes of Urbanization and De-Urbanization: A Large-Scale Approach to Investigating the Indus Civilization's Settlement Distributions in Northwest India.
Journal of field archaeology
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Green, A., & Petrie, C. (2018). Landscapes of Urbanization and De-Urbanization: A Large-Scale Approach to Investigating the Indus Civilization's Settlement Distributions in Northwest India.. Journal of field archaeology, 43 (4), 284-299. https://doi.org/10.1080/00934690.2018.1464332
© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Survey data play a fundamental role in studies of social complexity. Integrating the results from multiple projects into large-scale analyses encourages the reconsideration of existing interpretations. This approach is essential to understanding changes in the Indus Civilization’s settlement distributions (ca. 2600–1600 b.c.), which shift from numerous small-scale settlements and a small number of larger urban centers to a de-nucleated pattern of settlement. This paper examines the interpretation that northwest India’s settlement density increased as Indus cities declined by developing an integrated site location database and using this pilot database to conduct large-scale geographical information systems (GIS) analyses. It finds that settlement density in northwestern India may have increased in particular areas after ca. 1900 b.c., and that the resulting landscape of de-urbanization may have emerged at the expense of other processes. Investigating the Indus Civilization’s landscapes has the potential to reveal broader dynamics of social complexity across extensive and varied environments.
ECH2020 EUROPEAN RESEARCH COUNCIL (ERC) (648609)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00934690.2018.1464332
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285360
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/