Evaluating the Current Literature on Treatments Containing Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Osteoarthritis: a Progress Update.
Ranmuthu, Chanuka DS
Ranmuthu, Charindu KI
Current rheumatology reports
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Ranmuthu, C. D., Ranmuthu, C. K., & Khan, W. (2018). Evaluating the Current Literature on Treatments Containing Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Osteoarthritis: a Progress Update.. Current rheumatology reports, 20 (11), 67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11926-018-0776-7
Purpose of Review: Recent studies have investigated the effect of treatments containing adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on human osteoarthritis. These have mostly used biologic adjuvants which may influence results. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the current literature on these treatments when used in isolation. Recent findings: 5 studies in this review used cultured ADMSCs, whilst 4 studies used stromal vascular fraction and 3 used micro-fragmented adipose tissue to deliver ADMSCs. No studies reported serious treatment-related adverse effects and all reported improvements in clinical measures for at least one dose. This was not necessarily reflected in imaging evaluations nor were improvements always maintained. Summary: Current low-level evidence is limited due to variability in study methodology but indicates that treatments containing ADMSCs, when used in isolation, are safe and have the potential to reduce pain and improve function. Randomized controlled trials are now needed.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Humans, Osteoarthritis, Treatment Outcome, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Injections, Intra-Articular, Evidence-Based Medicine
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11926-018-0776-7
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285363