The influence of an upstream pylon on open rotor aerodynamics at angle of attack
Journal of Turbomachinery
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Sohoni, N., Hall, C., & Parry, A. (2019). The influence of an upstream pylon on open rotor aerodynamics at angle of attack. Journal of Turbomachinery, 141 (2)https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041082
The aerodynamic impact of installing a horizontal pylon in front of a contra-rotating open rotor engine, at take-off, was studied. The unsteady interactions of the pylon’s wake and potential field with the rotor blades were predicted by full-annulus URANS CFD calculations at 0 and 12 angle of attack (AoA). Two pylon configurations were studied: one where the front rotor blades move down behind the pylon (DBP), and one where they move up behind the pylon (UBP). When operating at 12 AoA, the UBP orientation was shown to reduce the rear rotor tip vortex sizes and separated flow regions, whereas the front rotor wake and vortex sizes were increased. In contrast, the DBP orientation was found to reduce the incidence variations onto the front rotor, leading to smaller wakes and vortices. The engine flow was also time-averaged, and the variation in work done on average mid-span streamlines was shown to depend strongly on variation in incidence, along with a smaller contribution related to change of radius.
Rolls-Royce plc, SAGE ITD (part of the Clean Sky JTI), and EPSRC
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041082
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285671