Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKim, Minso
dc.contributor.authorStepanova, Anna
dc.contributor.authorNiatsetskaya, Zoya
dc.contributor.authorSosunov, Sergey
dc.contributor.authorArndt, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Mike
dc.contributor.authorGalkin, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorTen, Vadim S
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-22T00:32:55Z
dc.date.available2018-11-22T00:32:55Z
dc.date.issued2018-08-20
dc.identifier.issn0891-5849
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285679
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Establishing sustained reoxygenation/reperfusion ensures not only the recovery, but may initiate a reperfusion injury in which oxidative stress plays a major role. This study offers the mechanism and this mechanism-specific therapeutic strategy against excessive release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) associated with reperfusion-driven recovery of mitochondrial metabolism. AIMS AND METHODS: In neonatal mice subjected to cerebral hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) and reperfusion, we examined conformational changes and activity of mitochondrial complex I with and without post-HI administration of S-nitrosating agent, MitoSNO. Assessment of mitochondrial ROS production, oxidative brain damage, neuropathological and neurofunctional outcomes were used to define neuroprotective strength of MitoSNO. A specificity of reperfusion-driven mitochondrial ROS production to conformational changes in complex I was examined in-vitro. RESULTS: HI deactivated complex I, changing its conformation from active form (A) into the catalytically dormant, de-active form (D). Reperfusion rapidly converted the D-form into the A-form and increased ROS generation. Administration of MitoSNO at the onset of reperfusion, decelerated D→A transition of complex I, attenuated oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological recovery. In cultured neurons, after simulated ischaemia-reperfusion injury, MitoSNO significantly reduced ROS generation and neuronal mortality. In isolated mitochondria subjected to anoxia-reoxygenation, MitoSNO restricted ROS release during D→A transitions. CONCLUSION: Rapid D→A conformation in response to reperfusion reactivates complex I. This is essential not only for metabolic recovery, but also contributes to excessive release of mitochondrial ROS and reperfusion injury. We propose that the initiation of reperfusion should be followed by pharmacologically-controlled gradual reactivation of complex I.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by NIH grant, NS100850 (V.T.), by MRC grant MR/L007339/1 (A.G.) and MC_U105663142 and by a Wellcome Trust Investigator award110159/Z/15/Z (M.P.M).
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectHypoxia/ischaemia
dc.subjectIschaemia/reperfusion damage
dc.subjectMitochondrial complex I
dc.subjectNitrosation
dc.titleAttenuation of oxidative damage by targeting mitochondrial complex I in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage524
prism.publicationDate2018
prism.publicationNameFree Radical Biology and Medicine
prism.startingPage517
prism.volume124
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.33031
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-06-29
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.06.040
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-08-20
dc.contributor.orcidMurphy, Mike [0000-0003-1115-9618]
dc.identifier.eissn1873-4596
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idMedical Research Council (MC_UP_1002/1)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (110159/Z/15/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idMedical Research Council (MC_UU_00015/3)
pubs.funder-project-idMedical Research Council (MC_U105663142)
cam.issuedOnline2018-07-03


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International