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dc.contributor.authorSheahan, Hannah
dc.contributor.authorIngram, James N
dc.contributor.authorŽalalytė, Goda M
dc.contributor.authorWolpert, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-23T00:30:55Z
dc.date.available2018-11-23T00:30:55Z
dc.date.issued2018-09-25
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285760
dc.description.abstractMotor imagery, that is the mental rehearsal of a motor skill, can lead to improvements when performing the same skill. Here we show a powerful and complementary role, in which motor imagery of different movements after actually performing a skill allows learning that is not possible without imagery. We leverage a well-studied motor learning task in which subjects reach in the presence of a dynamic (force-field) perturbation. When two opposing perturbations are presented alternately for the same physical movement, there is substantial interference, preventing any learning. However, when the same physical movement is associated with follow-through movements that differ for each perturbation, both skills can be learned. Here we show that when subjects perform the skill and only imagine the follow-through, substantial learning occurs. In contrast, without such motor imagery there was no learning. Therefore, motor imagery can have a profound effect on skill acquisition even when the imagery is not of the skill itself. Our results suggest that motor imagery may evoke different neural states for the same physical state, thereby enhancing learning.
dc.format.mediumElectronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLearning
dc.subjectMotor Skills
dc.subjectMovement
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectImagery, Psychotherapy
dc.titleImagery of movements immediately following performance allows learning of motor skills that interfere.
dc.typeArticle
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationDate2018
prism.publicationNameSci Rep
prism.startingPage14330
prism.volume8
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.33104
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-09-05
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41598-018-32606-9
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-09-25
dc.contributor.orcidWolpert, Daniel [0000-0003-2011-2790]
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (097803/Z/11/Z)
cam.issuedOnline2018-09-25


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International